34 Kirby Puckett Place
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Plays Here: Minnesota Twins (AL);
Minnesota Vikings (NFL)
First Opened: April 3, 1982
Surface: SporTurf (1982 to 1986), Astroturf (1987 to date)
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Construction: Barton Malow (Southfield, MI)
Owner: Metropolitan Sports Commission
Cost: $68 million
A combination of government and private sources - including temporary
taxes on hotel, motel and liquor sales; the sale of revenue bonds (backed
by the City of Minneapolis); and corporate contributions totaling more
than $15 million - made sure the Metrodome's construction and early
operations were on sound financial footing. The Legislature provided that
no more than $55 million in revenue bonds be sold for construction, but
because non-construction costs were not included in that figure, the cost
of the stadium is close to $124 million, including donated land, street
and other improvements by the City of Minneapolis, and investments by the
Twins and Vikings.
The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
has been home to the Twins since 1982. It is the only public stadium
in the country that does not rely on a continuing tax subsidy to finance
operations, maintenance or debt payments.
It was the third domed
facility in baseball, and remains the only air-supported structure among
the 28 used. The roof requires 250,000 cubic feet of air pressure
per minute to remain inflated, and on at least three occasions slight
tears caused by heavy snows have caused the roof to deflate.
The Metrodome played host to the 1987 and 1991 World Series,
1985 All-Star Game, Super Bowl XXVI, and the NCAA Final Four Basketball
Tournament in 1992. The Metrodome includes 7,600 retractable seats in
right field, a retractable curtain displaying the banners from the Twins'
championship years, and a plaza added along Kirby Puckett Place prior to
the 1996 season. The pitcher's mound is powered by an electric motor and
can be raised and lowered at the push of a button.
The fields Astroturf was installed in January, 1995 and is
Game - April 6, 1982, vs.
Pitch - Pete Redfern
Batter - Julio Cruz
Double- Manny Castillo
Triple - Gary Gaetti
Home run- Dave
Grand slam - Gary Ward
Stolen Base - Julio Cruz
Save - Mike Stanton
In its early days, it used to be called the "HomerDome," but in
the last three years it has actually suppressed home runs by 6%.
Indeed, over the last decade it has played roughly neutral for power
hitters, although it has boosted runs by 5-10%. Left handed hitters
can shoot for the short porch in right, and indeed lefties have had their
home runs boosted by 17% over the least three seasons; meanwhile, the
alley in left field is a good distance off and right-handed power hitters
have had their home run output depressed by 21% over the same
More than home runs, this park boosts doubles substantially because the
ball skids to wall more quickly than it would on artificial turf.
The high, white, Teflon-coated fabric roof makes it difficult to see the
ball when hit high in the air. Other than that, the park doesn't
pose any special problems for defensive players. The spongy
artificial turf is fast, but the hops stay true and the number of errors
committed here are usually quite low.
benefits: Left handed power
hitters have an easy shot to the modest right-center power alley,
particularly when the air conditioning is turned off and the ball carries
better. Hitters who can run
with speed can take advantage of the park's tendency to boost triples.
Defensively, the Twins did a great job in 2000, committing just 39 errors
at home versus 53 on the road. In opposing ballparks, the Twins
committed 55 errors versus 62 for the opposition.
gets hurt: Right-handed hitters
have a Infielders with a lack of range can have problems here, especially
at shortstop and second base. Cristian Guzman is a fine shortstop,
but Jay Canizaro has limited range at second for this turf.
Teams with a lack of defensive talent at the corners will make a high
number of misplays, allowing the opposition to take extra bases and
Minnesota: Left field (SW), Fourth Street South; third base (NW), 501
Chicago Avenue South; first base (NE), Sixth Street South; right field (SE),
Tenth Avenue South.
field: 344 ft (1982), 343 ft (1983)
field: 407 ft (1982), 408 ft (1983)
field: 327 ft
of dome: 186 ft
run factor in AL in 1999 and 2000
triple factor in AL in 2000
double factor in AL in 1999
lowest error factor in AL in 2000
lowest infield error factor in AL in 2000
highest double factor in AL in 2000
highest hit factor in AL in 1999
May 4, 1984, in the top of the fourth inning, Oakland A’s batter
Dave Kingman hit a ball through the roof. It should have been a homer,
but Kingman was only credited with a double.
right-field wall is 23 feet tall and covered with plastic.
Players call it "the Big Blue Baggy" and "Hefty
Bag"; the plastic-coated fence hides 7,600 retractable seats that
are used when the stadium is in its football configuration.